de Braose Family Genealogy
>  Have these pages been helpful?
Make a donation to help support them.
de Braose Family Genealogy

Our Folk Home Page - Index of Names and Surnames - Additional Resource Materials
Details for de Braose Family
  See Descendency Chart for direct line to the Hart Family
  Ancestry.com users - See de Braose Family Tree for individual charts.
1. William de Braose I - was born about 1049 in Brienze, Normandy, France and died in 1087 in Bramber, Sussex, England .
William married Agnes de St. Claire. Agnes was born about 1054 in Barnstaple, Devonshire, England. She is the daughter of Waldron de Saint Clare and Helen Le Bon.

Agnes - Brydges edition of Collins' Peerage claims William de Braose was first married to Agnes, dau of Waldron de Saint Clare but no evidence for this can be found. It may be an example of Bruce - Braose confusion.
 
According to L C Perfect, a 13th century genealogy in the Bibliothèque de Paris gives the name of his wife as Eve de Boissey, widow of Anchetil de Harcourt. There is a lot of evidence from contemporary charters which supports this view.

William - known in french as Guillaume de Briouze. his name is recorded in lists of those present at the Battle of Hastings. He became the first Lord of Bramber Rape by 1073 and built Bramber Castle. (Image: - remains of the gatehouse) William made considerable grants to the abbey of Saint Florent, Saumur to endow the foundation of Sele Priory near Bramber and a priory at Briouze. He continued to fight alongside King William in the campaigns in Britain, Normandy and Maine.
 
The Barons de Braose were a formidable force in medieval England and Wales. Their origins were in Briouze, Normandy and after 1066 the family settled in the Adur Valley of West Sussex, England. In Wales the spirit of conquest sustained them for 250 years. The terror of their reputation had few equals although they were themselves overwhelmed by injustice and tragedy several times.
 
The latest evidence for William is his presence at the consecration of his church at Briouze in 1093. In 1096 his son Philip was isuing charters. From this we can deduce that William died between 1093 and 1096.


 
"Much of the information about the de Braose family and associated photographs are borrowed (with permission) from the de Braose web site of Doug Thompson"

 
See The De Braose Web
 
Thanks to Doug for sharing his research.
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Philip de Braose was born before 1073 in Bramber, Sussex, England and died in 1134/1135 in Palestine . See #2. below.
Image of The de Braose Shield

The de Braose Shield



(Click here to view full size image.)
Image of Bramber Castle.

Bramber Castle.


(ramians of gatehouse)built by Willam de Braose I in 1073
----- Second Generation -----
2. Philip de Braose - was born before 1073 in Bramber, Sussex, England and died in 1134/1135 in Palestine . He was the son of William de Braose I and Agnes de St. Claire.
Philip married Aenor de Totnais. Aenor was born about 1084, lived in Barnstaple, Devonshire, England. She is the daughter of Judeal de Totnais.

Philip - Confirmed his father's gifts to the abbey of St. Florent in 1096. He was the first Braose Lord of Builth and Radnor, their initial holding in the Welsh Marches. Philip seems to have gone on the 1st Crusade and returned in 1103. He built the Norman church of St Nicolas at Old Shoreham and founded the port of New Shoreham. His lands were confiscated by Henry I in 1110, due to his traitrous support of William, son of Robert Curthose but they were returned in 1112.
 
Between 1125 and 1130 Philip confirmed the gifts of his nephew, Philip de Harcourt, to the newly established Knights Templar.
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  William de Braose II was born about 1100 in Bramber, Sussex, England and died about 1192 while living in England . See #3. below.
ii.  Philip de Braose Jr was born about 1110 and died before 1201 .

Philip - was left in charge of Wexford when Henry II left Ireland in 1172. Later that year he received a grant of North Munster ( without the City of Limerick) but was unable to take possession.
iii.  Basilia de Braose was born about 1115.

Basilia - married Odo de Danmartin.
Image of St Nicolas church

St Nicolas church


at Old Shoreham.
----- Third Generation -----
3. William de Braose II - was born about 1100 in Bramber, Sussex, England and died about 1192 while living in England . He was the son of Philip de Braose and Aenor de Totnais.
William married Bertha de Gloucester about 1148 while living in Herefordshire, England. Bertha was born about 1130, lived in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England. She is the daughter of Miles of Gloucester and Sybil de Neufmarche.

William - - 3rd Lord of Bramber.
 
William was very fortunate in his marriage to Berta. All of her brothers died young without heirs so she brought a number of important lordships to the de Braoses in 1166. These included Brecon and Abergavenny. William became Sheriff of Hereford in 1174. His interest in Sussex was maintained as he confirmed the grants of his father and grandfather for the maintenance of Sele Priory and extended St. Mary's, Shoreham.
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Sibilla de Braose was born in 1150, lived in Bramber, Sussex, England and died in 1227 in England .
Sibilla married William de Ferrers about 1173/1174 while living in Sussex, England. William was born about 1140, lived in Oakham Rutlandshire, England. He was the son of Robert de Ferrers and Margaret Peverel. He died in 1190 in Acre, Palestine .
See de Ferrers family for children.
ii.  Bertha de Braose was born about 1151 in Bramber, Sussexshire, England and died in 1170 in England .
Bertha married Walter de Beauchamp about 1175 while living in Bramber, Sussexshire, England. Walter was born about 1153, lived in Elmley Castle, Worcestershire, England. He was the son of William de Beauchamp and Joane Waleries. He died in 1235 .
See de Beauchamp family for children.
iii.  William de Braose was born about 1153 in Bramber, Sussex, England and died on 9 Aug 1211 in Corbeil, Marne, France . See #4. below.
iv.  Maud de Braose was born about 1160.

Maud - married John de Brompton.
v.  Roger de Braose was born about 1155.
Image of St. Mary;s Church

St. Mary;s Church


at Shoreham.
----- Fourth Generation -----
4. William de Braose - was born about 1153 in Bramber, Sussex, England and died on 9 Aug 1211 in Corbeil, Marne, France . He was the son of William de Braose II and Bertha de Gloucester.
William married Maud de St. Valery. Maud was born about 1155 in Bramber, Sussex, England. She died in 1210 in Corfe, Windsor, England .

Maud - was said to have built Hay Castle single handed in one night, carrying the stones in her apron. When one fell out and lodged in her slipper she picked it out and flung it to land in St Meilig's churchyard, three miles away across the River Wye at Llowes. The nine foot high standing stone can still be seen inside the church.

William - , the 4th Baron, succeeded his father in about 1187.
 
At his peak he was Lord of Bramber, Gower, Abergavenny, Brecknock, Builth, Radnor, Kington, Limerick and the three castles of Skenfrith, and Whitecastle, and Grosmont Castle. William inherited Bramber, Builth and Radnor from his father; Brecknock and Abergavenny through his mother.
 
On John's accession to the throne in 1199 William, who was a leader among those urging that he should be crowned, became John's close companion in Britain and Normandy; John made him various territorial grants and it was the non-payment of dues on these lands which was the ostensible reason for William's later downfall. However it seems likely that the trouble between them arose from the King's loss of confidence in the discretion of William and especially of his wife, Maud (sometimes called Matilda). It appears that William was one of the few people to know what happened to John's nephew, Arthur of Brittany, who was John's only serious rival for the throne, being the son of John's elder brother.
 
This boy had been captured by John in 1202 and put in the charge of Hubert de Burgh at Falaise. It was said that Hubert was ordered to blind Arthur but could not bring himself to do so; Shakespeare uses this story in 'King John'. On 24th February 1203 John gave William the land of Gower (in South Wales) for himself and his heirs, it was said "on account of William threatening to depart from him and to return to England." It is possible that William had remonstrated with the King regarding Arthur and was bribed with Gower. William had publicly refused to take charge of the prince.
 
He massively extended the Church of Saint Mary de Haura in New Shoreham, Sussex.
 
The Lords of Brecon were among the most powerful men in the. Kingdom. Their possessions in this area were only a part of their vast lands. Their Brecon estates, including Brecon Castle passed to William de Braose. They remained in the de Braose family for about a hundred years then by marriage the Brecon and Hereford lands of the original Lordship were united in the possession of Humphrey de Bohun.
 
The area needed inland defences so William built Knepp Castle, near Shipley. It became a hunting lodge favoured by generations of de Braoses and even by King John when he briefly held the castle. A mound and some flint ruins can still be seen. Shipley Church has survived with many Norman features intact.
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Maud de Braose was born about 1172 and died on 29 Dec 1210 and was buried in Abbey of Strata Florida .

Maud - married Gruffydd ap Rhys.


 
That year, on the feast-day of Thomas the Martyr, Maud de Braose, mother of the sons of Gruffydd ap Rhys, died at Llanbadarn Fawr, after she had received communion, confession and penance and taken the habit and she was buried with her husband at Strata Florida."
(Brut y Tywysogyon, entry for 1210)
ii.  William de Braose was born about 1175 in Bramber, Sussex, England and died in 1210 in Windsor Castle . See #5. below.
iii.  Giles de Braose was born about 1180 and died on 11 Nov 1215 and was buried in South aisle of Hereford Cathedral .

Giles - Bishop of Hereford from1200 - 1215.
iv.  Countess Loretta de Braose was born about 1180 and died about 1266 .

Countess Loretta - - Countess of Leicester. She was married to Robert de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Leicester, sometime Steward of England. She retired to live as a recluse in Hackington, Kent, about 1220. As a widow her dower estates had included the manor of Chalton (Hants) and the borough of Hungerford (Berks).
v.  Annora de Braose was born about 1190 and died after 1241 .
Annora married Hugh de Mortimer. Hugh was born in 1183 in Wigmore, Herefordshire, England. He was the son of Roger de Mortimer and Milisent de Ferrers. He died Nov 1227 .

Annora - was captured and imprisoned by King John in 1210 when attempting to flee from Ireland with her mother. Annora was released in October 1214, the year her husband succeeded to his lands. When he died in 1227 the king allowed her to keep an income of 100 shillings from land in Charlton and Cherrington, parts of the manor of Tetbury, to maintain her as a recluse.
 
The Church Guide of St. Mary's Iffley alludes to a mysterious person called Annora, the anchoress, who lived for nine years enclosed in a cell beside the church in the thirteenth century. An anchoress is a recluse - someone who lives apart from other people. See the story of Annora and the Iffley Church at Annora the Anchoress - St. Mary's Iffley
See de Mortimer family for children.
vi.  Reginald de Braose was born about 1178 in Bramber, Sussex, England and died on 9 Jun 1228 in Brecon, Breconshire, Wales . See #6. below.
vii.  Margaret de Braose was born about 1177 and died after 1255 and was buried in Priory Church at Holme Lacy .
Margaret married Walter de Lacy. Walter was born about 1172 in Ewias Lacy, Hereford, England. He was the son of Hugh de Lacy and Rohese de Monmouth. He died Feb 1241 in Meath, Ireland .

Margaret - married Walter de Lacy. She founded an Augustinian convent in memory of her parents and brother on land donated by King John at Aconbury in Herefordshire, near the village of Holme Lacy. She was buried there in the Priory Church, which is now disused and locked
See Talbot family for children.
viii.  John de Braose was born about 1180 and died in 1205 .

John - - Evidence for the existence of John is recorded in the Close Roll of 1205 dated 26th March where William de Braose is released from the debt to King John which he owed for the marriage of Amabil de Limesi to his son, John.
Image of Grosmont Castle

Grosmont Castle



Image of de Braose Arms

de Braose Arms


attributed to this William by Matthew Paris (see Aspilogia II , MP IV No7)
(Click here to view full size image.)
Image of Church of  Saint Mary de Haura

Church of Saint Mary de Haura


in New Shoreham, Sussex, England.
Image of Brecon Castle

Brecon Castle


In the town of Brecon, Powys, Mid Wales
(Click here to view full size image.)
Image of Knepp Castle

Knepp Castle


Sussex, England
(Click here to view full size image.)
Image of Hay  Castle

Hay Castle


on Wye
(Click here to view full size image.)
Image of Standing Sone

Standing Sone


in Hay Castle






Image of Priory Church

Priory Church


at Holme Lacy.
(Click here to view full size image.)
----- Fifth Generation -----
5. William de Braose - was born about 1175 in Bramber, Sussex, England and died in 1210 in Windsor Castle . He was the son of William de Braose and Maud de St. Valery.
William married Maud (Mathilde) de Clare. Maud was born about 1180 in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England. She was the daughter of Earl Richard de Clare and Amice Fitzrobert. She died in 1213 .

William - did not accompany King Richard on Crusade but fought with King John against Philip of France in Normandy (1203/4). John demanded William as a hostage for his father's loyalty in 1208. His mother Maud refused and they fled to the family estates in Ireland. In 1210 John prepared an expedition to Ireland. Maud and William escaped Ireland but were apprehended in Scotland. (William the father was in Wales at this time.) It is believed that Maud and William were starved to death at Windsor Castle. (Some say Corfe.)
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  John "The Younger" de Braose was born about 1197 and died on 18 Jul 1232 .

John - - Lord Gower & Swansea.
6. Reginald de Braose - was born about 1178 in Bramber, Sussex, England and died on 9 Jun 1228 in Brecon, Breconshire, Wales . He was the son of William de Braose and Maud de St. Valery.
Reginald married Gracia Briwere while living in Bramber, Sussex, England. Gracia was born about 1176, lived in Stoke, Devonshire, England. She was the daughter of William de Briwere and Beatrice de Vaux. She died in 1223 .

Gracia - - "the Dark". Descendant of Lady Godiva.

Reginald - supported Giles in his rebellions against King John. They were both active against the King in the barons' war.
 
Neitherwas present at the signing of Magna Carta because they were still rebels whorefused to compromise. K. John aquiesced to Reginald's claims to the deBraose estates in Wales in May 1216. He became Lord of Brecon, Abergavenny, Builth and other Marcher Lordships but was very much a vassal of Llewelyn Fawr, Prince of Gwynedd and now his father-in-law. Henry III restored Reginald to favour and the Bramber estates (confiscated from William by K. John) in 1217.
 
At this seeming betrayal, Rhys and Owain, Reginald's nephews who were princes of Deheubarth, were incensed and they took Builth (except the castle). Llewelyn Fawr also became angry and beseiged Brecon. Reginald eventually surrendered to Llewelyn and gave up Seinenydd (Swansea). By 1221 they were at war again with Llewelyn laying seige to Builth. The seige was relieved by Henry III's forces. From this time on Llewelyn tended to support the claims of Reginald's nephew John concerning the de Braose lands.
 
Reginald was a witness to the re-issue of Magna Carta by Henry III in 1225.
 
Said to be buried at St. Johns Church in Brecon Castle.
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Willaim "Black William" de Braose was born in 1204 in Brecknock, Surrey, England and died on 2 May 1230 in Wales . See #7. below.
ii.  Matilda de Braose was born about 1205.

Matilda - married to Rhys Mechyll, son of Rhys Gryg and grandson of the Lord Rhys. After the death of her husband in 1244 she placed the castle of Carreg Cennen in the hands of the Normans. (The pictures below show the remains of the later 13th/14th century castle on the same impressive site.)
Image of St. Johns Church

St. Johns Church


in Brecon.
Image of Carreg Cennen Castle

Carreg Cennen Castle


remains of 13th/14th century Norman Castle on same site.
(Click here to view full size image.)
----- Sixth Generation -----
7. Willaim "Black William" de Braose - was born in 1204 in Brecknock, Surrey, England and died on 2 May 1230 in Wales . He was the son of Reginald de Braose and Gracia Briwere.
Willaim married Eve Marshall on 2 May 1230 while living in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales. Eve was born about 1194, lived in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales. She was the daughter of Earl William Marshall and Isabel Fitzgilbert de Clare. She died before 1246 in England .

Eve - continued to hold Braose lands and castles in her own right after the death of her husband. Dugdale mentions her as holder of Totnes in 1230. It is recorded in the Close Rolls (1234-7) that Henry III granted 12 marks to her to strengthen the castle at Hay.

Willaim - - Lord of Abergavenny.
 
Rebuilt Abergavenny Castle, Wales, pre-1175 , he was much hated by native Welsh, through his wife inherited Dunamase Castle, Co.Laois, title extinct, later went to Beauchamp.
 
Was quite possibly the cruelest and most hated of all the great Norman Marcher Lords. Practically all the Marcher Lords were forced to deal with a rebellious and resentful Welsh population in violent ways in order to protect their newly-awarded "kingdoms," but de Braose time and time again seems to have gone out of his way to commit acts of cruelty that went beyond his contemporaries. Although some would say his family eventually got what they deserved, the extinction of the male line and a forfeiture of all lands, de Braose stands out as an example of what the native Welsh population were up against, and why they rebelled so ferociously against the Norman invaders.
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Isabele de Braose was born about 1210.

Isabele - married to Dafydd ap Llewelyn, Prince of Gwynedd in 1230
ii.  Maud de Braose was born about 1230 in Bramber Castle (or Arundel), England and died before 20 Mar 1301 .
Maud married Sir Roger de Mortimer about 1247. Sir Roger was born in 1231 in Cwmaron Castle, Radnor, Wales. He was the son of Ralph de Mortimer and Gwaldys Verch Llewelyn. He died on 27 Oct 1282 in Kingsland, Hereford, Eng .
See de Mortimer family for children.
iii.  Eva de Braose was born about 1215 and died on 1 Jul 0255 and was buried in St. Mary's Church Priory, Abergavenny. .

Eva - married to William de Cantilupe, Lord of Brecknock & Bergavenny (jure uxoris) (d 25 Sep 1254) (older brother of Saint Thomas de Cantilupe, Bishop of Hereford)
iv.  Eleanor de Braose was born about 1230 in Breconshire, Wales and died in 1251 and was buried in Llanthony, Gloucester .
Eleanor married Humphrey de Bohun in 1239 in Brechknock, Breconshire, Wales. Humphrey was born about 1220 in Hereford, Herfordshire, England. He was the son of Humphrey de Bohun and Maud de Lusignan. He died on 27 Oct 1265 .
See de Bohun family for children.
Image of Arms of Black William

Arms of Black William


attributed to this William by Matthew Paris (see Aspilogia II , MP I No 44)
(Click here to view full size image.)
Image of Abergavenny Castle

Abergavenny Castle


South of the town centre, Monmouthshire, southeast Wales. See: Abergavenny Castle
(Click here to view full size image.)
Image of Effigy of Eva de Braose

Effigy of Eva de Braose


bears a shield decorated witht he Cantilupe fleurs de lis.

Last change (on this page): Tuesday, January 13, 2004
The Our Folk Genealogy Pages were compiled by Albert Douglass Hart, Jr. based on the original "Our Folk" compiled by Albert Thomas Hart in 1972 with help from Albert Douglass Hart Sr, Cara Hart and lots of other family members.

To report errors or omissions, request information or share sources or photos, Please send email to Albert Douglass Hart, Jr.